As communities analyze their own strengths, weaknesses and opportunities for change, a situational analysis can play a transformational role through increasing the awareness of all stakeholders as actors of change. From the national level to the community level, an SA provides a critical understanding of an array of interrelated factors—contextual vulnerabilities, societal gender and cultural norms related to adherence and retention in HIV care patterns, economic strengthening, livelihoods, and food security (ES/L/FS). The analysis of these interrelated factors through an SA helps to inform a more context-specific approach to the design of livelihood programs.
LIFT developed this document as an interactive guide for project staff, implementing partners and practitioners involved in linking clinical facilities, particularly those offering Nutrition Assessment Counseling and Support (NACS) with ES/L/FS programs. It is meant to be a practical guide that can bring a better understanding of these essential components in order to pinpoint bottlenecks and promote realistic, effective, and efficient interventions to protect and improve the wellbeing of HIV and AIDS affected and infected populations.