Home to nearly 50 million people, Tanzania has an adult HIV prevalence estimated at 5.8%. There are 1.5 million people living with HIV and AIDS, and 80,000 die annually from the disease. Tanzania is considered least developed and has one of the poorest economies in terms of per capita income. Despite recent growth in the economy, due mainly to agriculture, manufacturing and gold-mining, this has not translated into improved livelihood for most of the citizens. Small-scale farming is a major source of employment but more than 40% of Tanzanians experience severe food deficiencies. This level of food insecurity has direct implications for how key populations, such as people living with HIV (PLHIV) and children, survive and thrive. As a consequence a rapidly growing orphan population has emerged. UNAIDS notes that more than 2 million children in Tanzania are orphans and vulnerable children (OVC).
The coordination of the fight against the HIV epidemic and food insecurity in Tanzania must address other cross-cutting issues such as gender inequality and sexual violence. A number of social and public health concerns contribute to negative health outcomes which can lead to the erosion of the country’s human resource and economic base. Health systems strengthening is being supported by USAID, PEPFAR and other donor organizations who work with local stakeholders to provide technical support and guidance on the coordination of HIV and AIDS interventions. Today, an increasing number of Tanzanians are accessing ART and pregnant women are being tested and counseled by PMTCT service providers.
Read more about the project’s activities in Tanzania on our resource page.